Battlefield might and sanctions as drivers of mediation in the tigray conflict
Author(s): Timothy Ubelejit Nte
Battlefield might have been regarded as the major determinant of right since antiquity but we are now in a globalised world where outcomes are determined by peaceful democratic processes and not through the barrel of guns. The specific objective of the study is to evaluate the mediation of the Tigray Conflict (TC) with regards to the intense diplomatic engagements that did not yield a ceasefire as at when due in juxtaposition with battlefield might and sanctions that paved the way for a ceasefire on 22 March 2022. In accordance, the study is guided by the following research questions. How did battle field might facilitate a ceasefire in TC? What are the sanctions and international pressures that enhanced mediation of TC? Why was the mediation process of TC cumbersome? The study is guided by the theoretical framework of Classical Realism as made popular by Thucydides. The qualitative research methodology was adopted for the study. The study concludes that sanctions and international pressures facilitated the mediation process of TC. The study recommends that State and non-State actors should refrain from actions capable of truncating the peace and seek for conflict resolution mechanism such as mediation.