Caste mobility and social transformation: The case of dominant peasant caste
Author(s): Nikhil Kumar and Pravesh Kumar
Caste is the most important phenomenon in the Hindu religion. Despite more than seventy years of democratisation, caste is still the dominant reality of every Hindu. There have been serious attempts to make sense of caste's persistence in the existing literature (e.g. Dumont: 1988, Srinivas: 1977; Jodhka, 2015; Teltumbde, 2011; Dirks; 2001; Guru, 2011). The peculiarity of caste in India is that it intends to be secular in public space. However, in private spaces, a high caste consciousness is found in all castes, including Dalits.
The present paper is an attempt to cover the discourse of caste system in India. The paper is divided into three parts first part deals with the critical perspectives of caste. The second part deals with the concept of dominant peasant caste, while the third deals with the origin and development of dominant peasant castes.