Women rights as human rights: Comparative study of India and Pakistan
Author(s): Monika Gupta
Abstract: Human Rights are fundamental basic rights that form the very existence of the human beings from the day they are born until their death. Without these basic human rights, there existence and survival will be at stake. The need to look at Human Rights from a gender perspective arises from the very fact that women over the years have been subordinated in history and have been considered inferior to men and hence the phrase “Women Rights as Human Rights” have garnered world attention with countries across the world adopting policies prioritising women rights. Today, the world of academia discusses and deliberates upon the urgent need to protect women rights from the shackles of deep-rooted patriarchal system. In the above context, this paper intends to discuss women rights as human rights in the context of two prominent countries of South Asia- India and Pakistan. The first part of the paper provides a general understanding of human rights and women rights. The second part throws light upon international developments related to human and women rights and how they have formed the basis of future recourse. The third and most important part of the paper makes a comparative understanding about the situation of women rights in India and Pakistan and how the two countries are largely different when it comes to protecting the women rights irrespective of both countries being the democracies. The last and final section of the paper shall discuss necessary findings and apt conclusions.