Afghanistan’s governmental structure in the post–Bonn era
Author(s): Frozan Akbaryaar
Abstract: After the Taliban’s regime, in the Bonn conference (2001) which was conducted on the Re-establishment of permanent governmental institutions of Afghanistan as the post-conflict country, the discourses of Afghanistan’s governmental system in the next new constitution started. Till 2004 the country governed by the interim and transitional administrations based on power-sharing under the 1964 constitution in a centralized and presidential system. So, this study aimed to assess that in the new 2004 constitution why a centralized political system is chosen. And the objectives of this study are to determine the essence of adaptation of the centralized political system since 2004 and some de-centralized institutions in the centralized constitutional set up. The methodology of this study is the content analysis based on secondary data. Regarding to the research findings in the 2004’s constitution, the reasons behind adopting centralized political system were the domination of the Pashtuns elites and their influence on the future political agenda, the prevention from the stepping back of Afghanistan to the domestic wars due to the warlord’s autonomous military power and the risk of secession of the country. And the existence of some decentralized institutions in the 2004 centralized constitution is due to the mountainous geography that limits the central control over regions, and the convincing local power holders to prevent from their political insurgency in the regions by giving some control over the local issues.