Literary and socio-political transformations: Impacts on the Iranian revolution 1979
Author(s): Dr. Md. Jamshed Alam
Abstract: The role of Iran’s Socio-Political and Cultural issues has always been discussed and brought into the academic discourse in central East Asia. During the Reza Shah Pehlavi Iran had to struggle a lot to get basic rights like freedom and penetrate the democracy. The opposition against Reza shah was at large because of his secret policy to implement savak to control the country. The opposition was mainly led by Khomeini itself, who was exiled to Iraq later on France. The progressive writers and the activists also supported the idea of free Iran from Shah. In January 1979 Shah left Iran and handed the country’s command to Shapour Bakhtiar, who failed to manage the worst situation in Iran, and finally civil war took place. In month of April 1979 national referendum took place, and Ayatollah Khomeini declared an Islamic republic with a new constitution reflecting his ideals of Islamic government. Literatures (Modern Writing) style’s contribution cannot be forgotten.